← Blog## JavaScript Katas: Merge Two Arrays

## Intro 🌐

## Understanding the Exercise❗

### Today’s exercise

## Thinking about the Solution 💭

## Implementation ⛑

### Result

## Playground ⚽

## Next Part ➡️

## Further Reading 📖

## Questions ❔

August, 2020

Problem solving is an important skill, for your career and your life in general.

That’s why I take interesting katas of all levels, customize them and explain how to solve them.

First, we need to understand the exercise! If you don’t understand it, you can’t solve it!.

My personal method:

- Input: What do I put in?
- Output: What do I want to get out?

Today, another `7 kyu`

kata,
meaning we slightly increase the difficulty.

Source: Codewars

Write a function `mergeArrays`

, that accepts two parameters: `a`

and `b`

.

Given two arrays, e.g. `[9, 10, 11]`

and `["a"]`

,
return an array that combines both arrays by alternatingly taking elements from each array in turn, e.g. `[9, "a", 10, 11]`

.

Every element in the arrays is either a string or a number.

Input: two arrays.

Output: one array.

I think I understand the exercise (= what I put into the function and what I want to get out of it).

Now, I need the specific steps to get from input to output.

I try to do this in small baby steps:

- Take the 1st element of the 1st array
- Take the 1st element of the 2nd array
- Take the 2nd element of the 1st array
- Take the 2nd element of the 2nd array
- Do this [length of the longer array] amount times; in JavaScript, you get
`undefined`

, if there is no value at a specific index in an array - Filter out every
`undefined`

value

Example:

- Input:
`[9, 10, 11], ["a"]`

- Take the 1st element of the 1st array:
`9`

- Take the 1st element of the 2nd array:
`"a"`

- Take the 2nd element of the 1st array:
`10`

- Take the 2nd element of the 2nd array: nothing here =>
`undefined`

- Take the 3rd element of the 1st array:
`11`

- Take the 3rd element of the 2nd array: nothing here =>
`undefined`

- Filter out every
`undefined`

value:`[9, "a", 10, 11]`

- Output:
`[9, "a", 10, 11]`

✅

```
function mergeArrays(a, b) {
const maxLength = Math.max(a.length, b.length);
let result = [];
for (let i = 0; i < maxLength; i++) {
result.push(a[i]);
result.push(b[i]);
}
return result.filter((value) => value !== undefined);
}
```

```
console.log(mergeArrays([9, 10, 11], ["a"]));
// [9, "a", 10, 11] ✅
console.log(mergeArrays([1], ["a", "b"]));
// [1, "a", "b"] ✅
```

You can play around with the code here

Great work!

We learned how to use `Math.max`

, `filter`

, `undefined`

.

I hope you can use your new learnings to solve problems more easily!

Next time, we’ll solve another interesting kata. Stay tuned!

If I should solve a specific kata, shoot me a message here.

If you want to read my latest stuff, get in touch with me!

- How often do you do katas?
- Which implementation do you like more? Why?
- Any alternative solution?

Hi! I'm Michael 👋 I'm a Mentor & Educator & Senior Web Developer - I help you to reach your (career) goals.