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JavaScript Katas: Find Odd Digits

August, 2020

Intro 🌐

Problem solving is an important skill, for your career and your life in general.

That’s why I take interesting katas of all levels, customize them and explain how to solve them.


Understanding the Exercise❗

First, we need to understand the exercise! If you don’t understand it, you can’t solve it!.

My personal method:

  1. Input: What do I put in?
  2. Output: What do I want to get out?

Today’s exercise

Today, another 7 kyu kata, meaning we slightly increase the difficulty.

Source: Codewars

Write a function findOddDigits, that accepts two parameter: n a number and k a number.

Given n, e.g. 123456789111, and k, e.g. 5, return the first k odd digits in n, e.g. 13579.

In the following cases the function should return 0:

  • there are no odd digits in n;
  • k is bigger than n;
  • k is 0;
  • k is bigger than the number of odd digits in n.

Input: two numbers.

Output: one number.


Thinking about the Solution 💭

I think I understand the exercise (= what I put into the function and what I want to get out of it).

Now, I need the specific steps to get from input to output.

I try to do this in small baby steps:

  1. Find all odd digits
  2. Find the first k digits
  3. Handle all edge cases
  4. Return the number

Example:

  • Input: 123456789111, 5
  • Find all odd digits: 13579111
  • Find the first k (= 5) digits: 13579
  • Return the number: 13579
  • Output: 13579

Implementation (Explicit) ⛑

function findOddDigits(n, k) {
  // k = 0;
  // k is bigger than a number of digits in n;
  if (k === 0 || k > n) return 0;

  // find all odd digits
  const str = String(n);
  const split = str.split("");
  const odds = split.filter((num) => num % 2);

  // there are no odd digits in a number n;
  // k is bigger than a number of odd digits in n.
  if (!odds.length || k > odds.length) return 0;

  // find the first `k` digits
  const joined = odds.join("");
  const sliced = joined.slice(0, k);

  // return the number
  return Number(sliced);
}

Result

console.log(findOddDigits(123456789111, 5));
// 13579 ✅

console.log(findOddDigits(0, 100));
// 0 ✅

Implementation (Implicit) ⛑

function findOddDigits(n, k) {
  // find all odd digits
  const odds = String(n)
    .split("")
    .filter((num) => num % 2);

  // handle all edge cases
  if (k === 0 || k > n || !odds.length || k > odds.length) return 0;

  // find the first `k` digits and return them as a number
  return Number(odds.join("").slice(0, k));
}

Result

console.log(findOddDigits(123456789111, 5));
// 13579 ✅

console.log(findOddDigits(0, 100));
// 0 ✅

Playground ⚽

You can play around with the code here


Next Part ➡️

Great work!

We learned how to use String, Number, split, join, filter, slice.

I hope you can use your new learnings to solve problems more easily!

Next time, we’ll solve another interesting kata. Stay tuned!


If I should solve a specific kata, shoot me a message here.

If you want to read my latest stuff, get in touch with me!


Further Reading 📖


Questions ❔

  • How often do you do katas?
  • Which implementation do you like more? Why?
  • Any alternative solution?

miku86

Hi! I'm Michael 👋 I'm a Mentor & Educator & Senior Web Developer - I help you to reach your (career) goals.